How Solar Energy Works

How Does Solar Energy Work?

Over time, humans have been using and burning resources such as wood and coal to provide the energy we need to “keep the lights on”. Our Sun is the biggest energy source available to us and every hour there is enough sunlight from the Sun to power the entire planet for a year.

Today, solar energy systems are leading us into a cleaner and more renewable energy future. Solar systems convert the free and abundant energy of the sun into electricity that can keep refrigerators humming, air conditioners chilling, washing machines whirling, and homes buzzing with power.

How Does Solar Energy Work

1 – Solar Panels

The solar panels turn sunlight into direct current (DC) electricity.

2 – Bi-directional Meter

The bi­directional meter simply allows for you to use electricity from the utility grid when needed (at night time for instance) and send energy to the utility company as credits when your solar system is producing more energy than you are consuming.

3 – Performance Monitor

The performance monitoring system measures and monitors all energy generated by your solar electric system and provides alerts about system performance.

4 – AC Disconnect

The AC disconnect is a manual safety switch that can be used to separate the home’s electrical system from the solar electricity system if necessary.

5 – Utility Energy

Your utility company will provide energy from the grid at night or on days when your energy demand exceeds your solar production.

6 – Inverter

The inverter converts solar­-generated DC electricity into alternating current (AC) electricity, the form of energy used by most standard household appliances. If your system utilizes micro-inverters, they are located on the roof, under the panels and may not be visible.


BVI Solar makes switching to solar simple by offering plans to fit your needs and budget.


Learn More

  • Environmental Benefits

    Every hour, the sun beams enough energy to meet earth’s energy needs for a full year. Imagine the possibilities. Learn how solar is becoming the driving force in a clean energy future.

  • Solar Energy Equipment

    From panels to converters and hardware to software, solar energy operates in a connected ecosystem. Learn how energy from the sun converts to energy for your home.

  • FAQs

    If you’re thinking about switching to solar, you likely have lots of questions about how it works, what it costs and how much you can save*. We answer them here.